Earning Power: Women and Work in Los Angeles, 1880-1930
The half-century between 1880 and 1930 saw rampant growth in many American cities and an equally rapid movement of women into the work force. In Los Angeles, the city not only grew from a dusty cow town to a major American metropolis but also offered its residents myriad new opportunities and challenges. Earning Power examines the role that women played in this growth as they attempted to make their financial way in a rapidly changing world.
Los Angeles during these years was one of the most ethnically diverse
and gender-balanced American cities. Moreover, its rapid urban growth generated
a great deal of economic, social, and political instability. In Earning Power, author
Eileen V. Wallis examines how women negotiated issues of gender, race,
ethnicity, and class to gain access to professions and skilled work in Los
Angeles. She also discusses the contributions they made to the region's history
as political and social players, employers and employees, and as members of
Wallis reveals how the lives of women in the urban West differed
in many ways from those of their sisters in more established eastern cities.
She finds that the experiences of women workers forces us to reconsider many
assumptions about the nature of Los Angeles's economy, as well as about the
ways women participated in it. The book also considers how Angelenos responded
to the larger national social debate about women's work and the ways that
American society would have to change in order to accommodate working women. Earning Power is a major
contribution to our understanding of labor in the urban West during this
transformative period and of the crucial role that women played in shaping
western cities, economies, society, and politics.
Eileen V. Wallis is a professor of history at California State
Polytechnic University, Pomona, and a former member of the HSPV Board of Directors.